The Central Maine Heart and Vascular Institute at Central Maine Medical Center supports the work of cardiologists who diagnose and treat patients with cardiac disease. These doctors are assisted by physician assistants and nurse practitioners who also have special training in serving cardiac patients.
CMHVI's cardiologists not only provide general cardiac care, but also "subspecialize" in electrophysiology, echocardiology, nuclear cardiology, and interventional cardiology. Each of these subspecialties addresses a particular set of diseases and their accompanying symptoms.
Interventional cardiologists at CMHVI use catheters to diagnose and treat patients with heart problems caused primarily by blockages in the arteries that supply the heart with oxygen-rich blood. At CMHVI-CMMC, interventional cardiologists work with area Emergency Medical Services providers to rapidly treat heart attacks, which saves lives and reduces heart damage.
Cardiologists with nuclear cardiology training use radioisotopes to visually assess the function of a patient's heart. This method of diagnosis can be more useful than other imaging systems in helping doctors evaluate the physiological function of the heart.
Echocardiography involves the use of ultrasound (sound waves) to gather images of the heart. These images are used to diagnose cardiac disease and provide the information necessary to develop treatment plans. There are several types of echocardiography procedures that doctors can use to evaluate their cardiac patients.
Electrophysiologists are cardiologists who diagnose and treat disturbances in the heart's electrical function. Cardiac electrophysiologists use an array of technologies to assess heart beat irregularities and develop treatment plans, which may include medications, therapeutic procedures, and implanted pacemakers and defibrillators.